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The official name of this gene is “adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1.”
AMPD1 is the gene's official symbol. The AMPD1 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The AMPD1 gene provides instructions for producing an enzyme called adenosine monophosphate deaminase. This enzyme is found in the muscles used for movement (skeletal muscles), where it plays a role in the production of energy. Specifically, this enzyme converts a molecule called adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to a molecule called inosine monophosphate (IMP) as part of a process that produces energy within muscle cells. Muscle cells need energy to function and move the body.
At least eight mutations in the AMPD1 gene have been found to cause AMP deaminase deficiency. Most cases are caused by a mutation that results in a premature stop signal in the instructions for making AMP deaminase (written as Gly12Ter or Q12X). The resulting enzyme is abnormally short and cannot fulfill its role in the process of energy production in skeletal muscle cells. A lack of functional enzyme can cause muscles to tire easily during physical activity, leading to muscle weakness or pain in some people with AMP deaminase deficiency. Other people with mutations in this gene never experience any signs and symptoms associated with AMP deaminase deficiency.
Cytogenetic Location: 1p13
Molecular Location on chromosome 1: base pairs 115,215,718 to 115,238,238
The AMPD1 gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 1 at position 13.
More precisely, the AMPD1 gene is located from base pair 115,215,718 to base pair 115,238,238 on chromosome 1.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about AMPD1 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
deficiency ; enzyme ; gene ; molecule ; mutation ; skeletal muscle
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.