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The official name of this gene is “aprataxin.”
APTX is the gene's official symbol. The APTX gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The APTX gene provides instructions for making a protein called aprataxin that is involved in DNA repair. Aprataxin is produced in various tissues, including the brain, spinal cord, and muscles. Different regions of the aprataxin protein aid in its DNA repair function by allowing the protein to interact with other DNA repair proteins and to attach (bind) to DNA molecules.
At least 18 mutations in the APTX gene have been found to cause ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1. Most of the mutations change one of the protein building blocks (amino acids) used to make aprataxin. Mutations in the APTX gene result in an unstable aprataxin protein that quickly gets broken down in the cell. A lack of functional aprataxin can lead to an accumulation of DNA damage in cells, particularly affecting brain cells in the part of the brain involved in coordinating movements (the cerebellum). This accumulation can lead to cell death in the cerebellum, causing the characteristic movement problems of ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1.
Cytogenetic Location: 9p13.3
Molecular Location on chromosome 9: base pairs 32,972,603 to 33,001,638
The APTX gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 9 at position 13.3.
More precisely, the APTX gene is located from base pair 32,972,603 to base pair 33,001,638 on chromosome 9.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about APTX helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
acids ; apraxia ; ataxia ; cell ; cerebellum ; DNA ; DNA damage ; DNA repair ; gene ; protein
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.