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Reviewed February 2014
What is the official name of the ATP1A2 gene?
The official name of this gene is “ATPase, Na+/K+ transporting, alpha 2 polypeptide.”
ATP1A2 is the gene's official symbol. The ATP1A2 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the ATP1A2 gene?
The ATP1A2 gene provides instructions for making one part (the alpha-2 subunit) of a protein known as a Na+/K+ ATPase. This protein uses energy from a molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to transport charged atoms (ions) into and out of cells. Specifically, it pumps sodium ions (Na+) out of cells and potassium ions (K+) into cells.
Na+/K+ ATPases that include the alpha-2 subunit are primarily found in nervous system cells called glia, which protect and maintain nerve cells (neurons). Through its action in glia, the protein plays a critical role in the normal function of neurons. Communication between neurons depends on chemicals called neurotransmitters. To relay signals, a neuron releases neurotransmitters, which attach to receptor proteins on neighboring neurons. After the neurotransmitters have had their effect, they detach from their receptors and are removed from the spaces between neurons by glia. This process is carefully regulated to ensure that signals are transmitted accurately throughout the nervous system. The Na+/K+ ATPase helps regulate this process by stimulating glia to clear neurotransmitters from the spaces between neurons. This protein also removes excess potassium ions from these spaces.
Does the ATP1A2 gene share characteristics with other genes?
The ATP1A2 gene belongs to a family of genes called ATP (ATPases).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? in the Handbook.
How are changes in the ATP1A2 gene related to health conditions?
Where is the ATP1A2 gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 1q23.2
Molecular Location on chromosome 1: base pairs 160,115,729 to 160,143,590
The ATP1A2 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 1 at position 23.2.
More precisely, the ATP1A2 gene is located from base pair 160,115,729 to base pair 160,143,590 on chromosome 1.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about ATP1A2?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about ATP1A2 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the ATP1A2 gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding ATP1A2?
acids ; adenosine triphosphate ; amino acid ; asparagine ; ATP ; aura ; catalytic ; cell ; depression ; familial ; family history ; gene ; glia ; hemiparesis ; hemiplegia ; hemiplegic ; ions ; migraine ; molecule ; mutation ; Na ; nervous system ; neurological ; neuron ; neurotransmitters ; potassium ; protein ; receptor ; sodium ; sporadic ; subunit ; threonine
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (10 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.