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The official name of this gene is “claudin 14.”
CLDN14 is the gene's official symbol. The CLDN14 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The CLDN14 gene provides instructions for making a protein called claudin 14. This protein is a member of the claudin protein family, which provides building components for tight junctions. Tight junctions seal the space between cells, creating a barrier that restricts the passage of fluids and certain particles in and out of cells. For example, tight junctions prevent digestive enzymes in intestinal cells from leaking into the blood.
Claudin 14 is found in the liver, kidneys, and inner ear, but its exact function is unclear. In the inner ear, this protein probably plays a role in converting sound waves to nerve impulses, a critical process for normal hearing. This conversion process requires the proper level of charged atoms (ions). Researchers suggest that tight junctions composed of claudin 14 help to maintain these ion levels.
Researchers have identified a few CLDN14 gene mutations that cause a form of nonsyndromic deafness (hearing loss without related signs and symptoms affecting other parts of the body) called DFNB29. One mutation deletes a single DNA building block (base pair), which disrupts the instructions for producing claudin 14. The remaining mutations change one of the protein building blocks (amino acids) used to make claudin 14. These changes probably alter the structure of claudin 14, which could impair the protein's ability to form tight junctions. Improper ion levels may result from missing or altered tight junctions, which could disrupt processes required for normal hearing.
Cytogenetic Location: 21q22.3
Molecular Location on chromosome 21: base pairs 36,460,620 to 36,576,568
The CLDN14 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 21 at position 22.3.
More precisely, the CLDN14 gene is located from base pair 36,460,620 to base pair 36,576,568 on chromosome 21.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about CLDN14 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
acids ; autosomal ; autosomal recessive ; base pair ; digestive ; DNA ; gene ; ions ; mutation ; protein ; recessive ; tight junctions
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.