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Reviewed November 2006
What is the official name of the COCH gene?
The official name of this gene is “cochlin.”
COCH is the gene's official symbol. The COCH gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the COCH gene?
The COCH gene provides instructions for making a protein called cochlin. This protein is abundant in certain parts of the inner ear called the cochlea and the vestibular system. The cochlea is a snail-shaped structure that helps process sound, and the vestibular system consists of fluid-filled canals that help maintain the body's balance and orientation in space. Cochlin is exported from cells in the cochlea and vestibular system and becomes part of the extracellular matrix. The extracellular matrix is an intricate lattice that forms in the space between cells and provides structural support. Two regions of the cochlin protein, called the LCCL and vWFA domains, probably coordinate cochlin's interactions with other molecules in the extracellular matrix. These interactions are important in forming the extracellular matrix and keeping it organized. Although the exact role of cochlin remains unknown, it likely plays a role in the structure of the inner ear.
How are changes in the COCH gene related to health conditions?
Where is the COCH gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 14q11.2-q13
Molecular Location on chromosome 14: base pairs 31,343,740 to 31,364,284
The COCH gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 14 between positions 11.2 and 13.
More precisely, the COCH gene is located from base pair 31,343,740 to base pair 31,364,284 on chromosome 14.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about COCH?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about COCH helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the COCH gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding COCH?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (9 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.