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The official name of this gene is “collagen, type V, alpha 2.”
COL5A2 is the gene's official symbol. The COL5A2 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The COL5A2 gene provides instructions for making a component of collagen. Collagens form a family of proteins that strengthen and support many tissues in the body, including skin, ligaments, bones, tendons, muscles, and the space between cells and tissues called the extracellular matrix. The COL5A2 gene produces a component of type V collagen, called the pro-alpha2(V) chain. One pro-alpha2(V) chain combines with two pro-alpha1(V) chains (produced by the COL5A1 gene) to form type V procollagen. These triple-stranded, rope-like procollagen molecules must be processed by enzymes outside the cell. Once these molecules are processed, they arrange themselves into long, thin fibrils that cross-link to one another in the spaces around cells. The cross-links result in the formation of very strong, mature type V collagen fibers. Type V collagen also plays a role in assembling other types of collagen into fibrils within many connective tissues.
The COL5A2 gene belongs to a family of genes called COL (collagens).
A gene family is a group of genes that share important characteristics. Classifying individual genes into families helps researchers describe how genes are related to each other. For more information, see What are gene families? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genefamilies) in the Handbook.
Mutations in the COL5A2 gene have been identified in a small number of patients with classic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. These mutations change the structure and function of the pro-alpha2(V) chain. As a result, type V collagen fibrils in the skin that are assembled with the altered protein are large and irregular. Researchers believe that these changes in collagen structure cause the signs and symptoms of classic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
Cytogenetic Location: 2q14-q32
Molecular Location on chromosome 2: base pairs 189,031,914 to 189,179,878
The COL5A2 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 2 between positions 14 and 32.
More precisely, the COL5A2 gene is located from base pair 189,031,914 to base pair 189,179,878 on chromosome 2.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about COL5A2 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
cell ; collagen ; cross-link ; extracellular ; extracellular matrix ; gene ; Pro ; protein ; syndrome
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.