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The official name of this gene is “fibrillin 2.”
FBN2 is the gene's official symbol. The FBN2 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The FBN2 gene provides instructions for making a large protein called fibrillin-2. This protein is transported out of cells into the extracellular matrix, which is an intricate lattice of proteins and other molecules that forms in the spaces between cells. In this matrix, fibrillin-2 binds to other proteins to form threadlike filaments called microfibrils. Microfibrils become part of elastic fibers which enable the skin, ligaments, and blood vessels to stretch. Researchers have suggested that fibrillin-2 plays a role in directing the assembly of elastic fibers during embryonic development. Microfibrils also contribute to more rigid tissues that support the lens of the eye, nerves, and muscles. Additionally, microfibrils hold certain growth factors called transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) proteins, which keeps them inactive. When released from microfibrils, TGF-beta growth factors are activated and affect the growth and repair of tissues throughout the body.
More than 20 mutations in the FBN2 gene have been found to cause congenital contractural arachnodactyly. Most of these mutations change one protein building block (amino acid) in the fibrillin-2 protein, usually replacing the amino acid cysteine with a different amino acid. The substitution of another amino acid for cysteine can alter the structure or function of fibrillin-2. Most other FBN2 mutations disrupt the way the FBN2 gene's instructions are used to make the fibrillin-2 protein. All of these mutations reduce the amount of fibrillin-2 available to form microfibrils. Decreased microfibril formation probably weakens the elastic fibers and causes overactivation of TGF-beta growth factors, which leads to the signs and symptoms of congenital contractural arachnodactyly.
Cytogenetic Location: 5q23-q31
Molecular Location on chromosome 5: base pairs 127,593,600 to 127,873,734
The FBN2 gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 5 between positions 23 and 31.
More precisely, the FBN2 gene is located from base pair 127,593,600 to base pair 127,873,734 on chromosome 5.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about FBN2 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
amino acid ; arachnodactyly ; congenital ; elastic ; embryonic ; extracellular ; extracellular matrix ; gene ; growth factor ; microfibrils ; protein ; substitution
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.