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The official name of this gene is “glucose-6-phosphatase, catalytic subunit.”
G6PC is the gene's official symbol. The G6PC gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The G6PC gene provides instructions for making an enzyme called glucose 6-phosphatase. This enzyme is found on the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum, which is a structure inside cells that is involved in protein processing and transport. Glucose 6-phosphatase works together with the glucose 6-phosphate translocase protein (produced from the SLC37A4 gene) to break down a type of sugar molecule called glucose 6-phosphate. The breakdown of this molecule produces the simple sugar glucose, which is the primary source of energy for most cells in the body. The glucose 6-phosphatase enzyme is expressed (active) in the liver, kidneys, and intestines, and is the main regulator of glucose production in the liver.
At least 85 mutations in the G6PC gene have been found to cause glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSDIa). Most of these mutations change single protein building blocks (amino acids) in the glucose 6-phosphatase enzyme. Some specific mutations are seen more frequently in certain ethnic or racial groups. Mutations in the G6PC gene impair the function of the glucose 6-phosphatase enzyme. When this enzyme is not functioning normally, glucose 6-phosphate is not broken down and glucose is not produced. Glucose 6-phosphate that is not broken down to glucose is converted to fat and glycogen, a complex sugar that is stored within cells. Too much fat and glycogen stored within a cell can be toxic. This buildup damages organs and tissues throughout the body, particularly the liver and kidneys, leading to the signs and symptoms of GSDIa.
Cytogenetic Location: 17q21
Molecular Location on chromosome 17: base pairs 42,900,796 to 42,914,432
The G6PC gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 17 at position 21.
More precisely, the G6PC gene is located from base pair 42,900,796 to base pair 42,914,432 on chromosome 17.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about G6PC helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
acids ; breakdown ; catalytic ; cell ; endoplasmic reticulum ; enzyme ; expressed ; gene ; gluconeogenesis ; glucose ; glycogen ; molecule ; phosphatase ; phosphate ; protein ; simple sugar ; subunit ; toxic
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.