A service of the
U.S. National Library of Medicine®
These sources were used to develop the Genetics Home Reference
Antonopoulou I, Mavrogiannis LA, Wilkie AO, Morriss-Kay GM. Alx4 and Msx2 play phenotypically similar and additive roles in skull vault differentiation. J Anat. 2004 Jun;204(6):487-99.
MUSCLE SEGMENT HOMEOBOX, DROSOPHILA, HOMOLOG OF,
Wilkie AO, Tang Z, Elanko N, Walsh S, Twigg SR, Hurst JA, Wall SA, Chrzanowska KH, Maxson RE Jr. Functional haploinsufficiency of the human homeobox gene MSX2 causes defects in skull ossification. Nat Genet. 2000 Apr;24(4):387-90.
Wuyts W, Reardon W, Preis S, Homfray T, Rasore-Quartino A, Christians H, Willems PJ, Van Hul W. Identification of mutations in the MSX2 homeobox gene in families affected with foramina parietalia permagna. Hum Mol Genet. 2000 May 1;9(8):1251-5.
Reviewed: March 2008
Published: May 20, 2013
Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical
U.S. National Library of
National Institutes of
Department of Health & Human
Freedom of Information
Indicates a page outside Genetics Home Reference.
Links to web sites outside the Federal Government do not constitute an endorsement.
Selection Criteria for Web Links
This site complies with the
for trustworthy health information: