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The official name of this gene is “propionyl CoA carboxylase, beta polypeptide.”
PCCB is the gene's official symbol. The PCCB gene is also known by other names, listed below.
The PCCB gene provides instructions for making part of an enzyme called propionyl-CoA carboxylase, specifically, the beta subunit of this enzyme. Six beta subunits come together with six alpha subunits (produced from the PCCA gene) to form a functioning enzyme.
Propionyl-CoA carboxylase plays a role in the normal processing of proteins. It is responsible for a particular step in the breakdown of several protein building blocks (amino acids) called isoleucine, methionine, threonine, and valine. Propionyl-CoA carboxylase also helps break down certain types of lipids (fats) and cholesterol. First, several chemical reactions convert the amino acids, lipids, or cholesterol to a molecule called propionyl-CoA. Using the B vitamin biotin, propionyl-CoA carboxylase then converts propionyl-CoA to a molecule called methylmalonyl-CoA. Additional enzymes break down methylmalonyl-CoA into other molecules that are used for energy.
More than 55 mutations in the PCCB gene have been identified in people with propionic acidemia. These mutations include changes in single DNA building blocks (nucleotides) and insertions or deletions of genetic material in the PCCB gene. PCCB mutations prevent the production of functional propionyl-CoA carboxylase or reduce the enzyme's activity. The altered or missing enzyme prevents certain parts of proteins and lipids from being broken down properly. As a result, propionyl-CoA and other potentially toxic compounds can build up to toxic levels in the body. This buildup damages the brain and nervous system, causing the serious health problems associated with propionic acidemia.
Cytogenetic Location: 3q21-q22
Molecular Location on chromosome 3: base pairs 135,969,166 to 136,049,012
The PCCB gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 3 between positions 21 and 22.
More precisely, the PCCB gene is located from base pair 135,969,166 to base pair 136,049,012 on chromosome 3.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/howgeneswork/genelocation) in the Handbook.
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about PCCB helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/mutationsanddisorders/naming) in the Handbook.
acids ; biotin ; carboxylase ; cholesterol ; CoA ; DNA ; enzyme ; gene ; isoleucine ; ligase ; molecule ; nervous system ; protein ; subunit ; threonine ; toxic
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary (http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary).
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? (http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/consult/findingprofessional) in the Handbook.