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Reviewed July 2012
What is the official name of the PDHX gene?
The official name of this gene is “pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, component X.”
PDHX is the gene's official symbol. The PDHX gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the PDHX gene?
The PDHX gene provides instructions for making a protein called E3 binding protein, which is part of a large group of proteins known as the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. This complex is made up of several enzymes, including one called E3, and other proteins. E3 binding protein attaches E3 to the complex and provides the correct structure for the complex to perform its function.
The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex plays an important role in the pathways that convert the energy from food into a form that cells can use. This enzyme converts a molecule called pyruvate, which is formed from the breakdown of carbohydrates, into another molecule called acetyl-CoA. This conversion is essential to begin the series of chemical reactions that produces adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cell's main energy source.
How are changes in the PDHX gene related to health conditions?
Where is the PDHX gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 11p13
Molecular Location on chromosome 11: base pairs 34,937,676 to 35,017,674
The PDHX gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 11 at position 13.
More precisely, the PDHX gene is located from base pair 34,937,676 to base pair 35,017,674 on chromosome 11.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about PDHX?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about PDHX helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the PDHX gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding PDHX?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (7 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.