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Reviewed August 2012
What is the official name of the SETX gene?
The official name of this gene is “senataxin.”
SETX is the gene's official symbol. The SETX gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the SETX gene?
The SETX gene provides instructions for making a protein called senataxin. Senataxin is produced in a wide range of tissues, including the brain, spinal cord, and muscles. Based on the structure of senataxin, researchers believe that it is one of a class of proteins called helicases that are involved in DNA repair and the production of RNA, a chemical cousin of DNA. Helicases attach to particular regions of DNA and temporarily unwind the two spiral strands of a DNA molecule. By unwinding the strands near sites of DNA damage, helicases allow other proteins to reach damaged areas and fix them. Senataxin is thought to aid in DNA repair through this helicase mechanism. This mechanism may also be involved in using the instructions encoded by RNA to create different versions of certain proteins (RNA processing).
How are changes in the SETX gene related to health conditions?
Where is the SETX gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 9q34.13
Molecular Location on chromosome 9: base pairs 135,136,826 to 135,230,371
The SETX gene is located on the long (q) arm of chromosome 9 at position 34.13.
More precisely, the SETX gene is located from base pair 135,136,826 to base pair 135,230,371 on chromosome 9.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about SETX?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about SETX helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the SETX gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding SETX?
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (11 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.