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Reviewed March 2012
What is the official name of the TGFBR2 gene?
The official name of this gene is “transforming growth factor, beta receptor II (70/80kDa).”
TGFBR2 is the gene's official symbol. The TGFBR2 gene is also known by other names, listed below.
Read more about gene names and symbols on the About page.
What is the normal function of the TGFBR2 gene?
The TGFBR2 gene provides instructions for making a protein called transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) receptor type 2. This receptor transmits signals from the cell surface into the cell through a process called signal transduction. Through this type of signaling, the environment outside the cell affects activities inside the cell such as stimulation of cell growth and division.
To carry out its signaling function, the TGF-β receptor type 2 spans the cell membrane, so that one end of the protein projects from the outer surface of the cell (the extracellular domain) and the other end remains inside the cell (the intracellular domain). A protein called TGF-β attaches (binds) to the extracellular domain of the TGF-β receptor type 2, which turns on (activates) the receptor and allows it to bind to a similar receptor on the cell surface. The formation of this TGF-β receptor complex triggers signal transduction by activating other proteins in this signaling pathway.
Signals triggered through the TGF-β receptor complex prompt various responses by the cell. One such response is to inhibit cell growth and division. Based on this action, the TGF-β receptor type 2 is sometimes called a tumor suppressor. Tumor suppressors keep cells from growing and dividing too fast or in an uncontrolled way. TGF-β receptor type 2 signaling also helps control the process by which cells mature to carry out special functions (differentiation), and plays a role in the formation of the extracellular matrix, which is an intricate lattice that forms in the spaces between cells and provides structural support to tissues.
How are changes in the TGFBR2 gene related to health conditions?
Where is the TGFBR2 gene located?
Cytogenetic Location: 3p22
Molecular Location on chromosome 3: base pairs 30,647,993 to 30,735,633
The TGFBR2 gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 3 at position 22.
More precisely, the TGFBR2 gene is located from base pair 30,647,993 to base pair 30,735,633 on chromosome 3.
See How do geneticists indicate the location of a gene? in the Handbook.
Where can I find additional information about TGFBR2?
You and your healthcare professional may find the following resources about TGFBR2 helpful.
You may also be interested in these resources, which are designed for genetics professionals and researchers.
What other names do people use for the TGFBR2 gene or gene products?
See How are genetic conditions and genes named? in the Handbook.
Where can I find general information about genes?
The Handbook provides basic information about genetics in clear language.
These links provide additional genetics resources that may be useful.
What glossary definitions help with understanding TGFBR2?
acids ; amino acid ; aneurysm ; aorta ; aortic dissection ; cell ; cell division ; cell membrane ; colon ; connective tissue ; differentiation ; domain ; esophagus ; extracellular ; extracellular matrix ; familial ; gene ; growth factor ; intracellular ; protein ; receptor ; rectum ; signal transduction ; syndrome ; tissue ; transduction ; tumor
You may find definitions for these and many other terms in the Genetics Home Reference Glossary.
See also Understanding Medical Terminology.
References (9 links)
The resources on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Users seeking information about a personal genetic disease, syndrome, or condition should consult with a qualified healthcare professional. See How can I find a genetics professional in my area? in the Handbook.