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Alanine

Synonym(s)

  • Ala
  • alanine (substance)
  • 2-aminopropionic acid
  • L-alanine
  • (S)-2-aminopropanoic acid

Definition(s)

A non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma. It is produced from pyruvate by transamination. It is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases immunity, and provides energy for muscle tissue, brain, and the central nervous system.

Definition from: MeSH via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

A small non-essential amino acid in humans, Alanine is one of the most widely used for protein construction and is involved in the metabolism of tryptophan and vitamin pyridoxine. Alanine is an important source of energy for muscles and central nervous system, strengthens the immune system, helps in the metabolism of sugars and organic acids, and displays a cholesterol-reducing effect in animals.

Definition from: NCI via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

Amino acid with side chain -CH3.

Definition from: NCI via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

Non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma; it is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases immunity, and provides energy for muscle tissue, brain, and the central nervous system.

Definition from: CRISP Thesaurus via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

See also Understanding Medical Terminology.

 
Published: August 25, 2014