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Epilepsy

Synonym(s)

  • epilepsies
  • epileptic
  • epileptic attack
  • epileptic fit
  • epileptic seizure
  • epileptic seizures

Definition(s)

Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes people to have recurring seizures. The seizures happen when clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain send out the wrong signals. People may have strange sensations and emotions or behave strangely. They may have violent muscle spasms or lose consciousness. Epilepsy has many possible causes, including illness, brain injury and abnormal brain development. In many cases, the cause is unknown. Doctors use brain scans and other tests to diagnose epilepsy. It is important to start treatment right away. There is no cure for epilepsy, but medicines can control seizures for most people. When medicines are not working well, surgery or implanted devices such as vagus nerve stimulators may help. Special diets can help some children with epilepsy.

Definition from: MEDLINEPLUS via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

A brain disorder characterized by episodes of abnormally increased neuronal discharge resulting in transient episodes of sensory or motor neurological dysfunction, or psychic dysfunction. These episodes may or may not be associated with loss of consciousness or convulsions.

Definition from: NCI via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

A disorder characterized by recurrent seizures.

Definition from: SNOMEDCT via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

A group of disorders marked by problems in the normal functioning of the brain. These problems can produce seizures, unusual body movements, a loss of consciousness or changes in consciousness, as well as mental problems or problems with the senses.

Definition from: NCI via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

Brain disorder characterized by recurring excessive neuronal discharge, exhibited by transient episodes of motor, sensory, or psychic dysfunction, with or without unconsciousness or convulsive movements.

Definition from: CRISP Thesaurus via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

See also Understanding Medical Terminology.

 
Published: November 17, 2014