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Fetal alcohol syndrome

Synonym(s)

  • alcoholic embryopathy
  • ARBD
  • embryofetal alcohol syndrome
  • embryopathia alcoholica
  • FAE
  • FAS
  • fetal alcohol effects

Definition(s)

A condition occurring in a fetus or newborn due to in utero ethanol exposure when the mother consumed alcohol during pregnancy. It is characterized by a cluster of irreversible birth defects including abnormalities in physical, mental, and behavior development (such as fetal growth retardation; mental retardation; attention deficit and disruptive behavior disorders) with varied degree of severity in an individual.

Definition from: MeSH via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

A disorder occurring in children born to alcoholic women who continue to drink heavily during pregnancy; common abnormalities are growth deficiency (prenatal and postnatal), altered morphogenesis, mental deficiency, and characteristic facies - small eyes and flattened nasal bridge; fine motor dysfunction and tremulousness are observed in the newborn.

Definition from: CRISP Thesaurus via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

Developmental abnormalities in infants born to alcoholic mothers, including characteristic facial appearance (microcephaly, maxillary hypoplasia, short palpebral fissures, and short upturned nose), growth deficiency, delayed intellectual development, motor retardation, joint abnormalities, poor coordination, and irritability. The pattern of abnormalities varies and may include additional oral, ocular, cardiac, urogenital, cutaneous, and other abnormalities.

Definition from: Congenital Mental Retardation Syndromes via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

See also Understanding Medical Terminology.

 
Published: October 27, 2014