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Gluconeogenesis

Synonym(s)

  • glucose biosynthesis
  • glyconeogenesis

Definition(s)

The formation of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors, such as pyruvate, amino acids and glycerol.

Definition from: Gene Ontology via Unified Medical Language SystemThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. at the National Library of Medicine

Formation of glucose within the animal body from precursors other than carbohydrates especially by the liver and kidney using amino acids from proteins, glycerol from fats, or lactate produced by muscle during anaerobic glycolysis -- called also glyconeogenesis.

Definition from: Merriam-Webster's Medical DictionaryThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference. by Merriam-Webster Inc.

The process of making glucose (sugar) from its own breakdown products or from the breakdown products of lipids (fats) or proteins. Gluconeogenesis occurs mainly in cells of the liver or kidney.

Definition from:  National Cancer Institute dictionaryThis link leads to a site outside Genetics Home Reference.

See also Understanding Medical Terminology.

 
Published: November 17, 2014